Rudall's Workers



By far the most well known and respected company of flute makers of the first half of the 19th century was the old firm of Rudall & Rose.  (Note I'll use the expression "Rudall's" to cover the various manifestations of Rudall & Rose, Rudall Rose & Carte, etc in this article.)  But there sphere of influence didn't stop at the workshop door.  Quite a few of Rudall's workers (we don't know at this stage if they had been apprentices or not) went out on their own and became successful makers in their own rights.  Some of them continued to supply flutes to Rudall's.  Needless to say, there are a lot of points in common between the flutes they made to sell and those they supplied to Rudall's.

Names we know so far include:

  • "Camp from Rudall & Rose"
  • "Imlay from Rudall & Rose"
  • "Ingram from Rudall & Rose"
  • "Payne from "Rudall & Rose"
  • "H. Whitaker from Rudall & Rose" 
  • "Wylde from Rudall & Rose".

Note that, at this stage, we've only seen Rudall & Rose nominated.  Perhaps by the time Carte was involved in management at the old firm, staffing policies had changed?  

On this page we'll illustrate the identities and instruments of these ex-workers as images and information become available to us.


Described in the NLI as "A wood, ivory, metal turner, earlier worked for Rudall & Rose, 1840 took over the premises of Card."  (Note below that Imlay, also ex Rudall & Rose, also had a connection to Card.)  Camp's mark was:


We learn from the records of The Old Bailey that the relationship between the Camps and Rudall & Rose was not always to both their satisfaction: Rose vs Camp

I don't seem to have a good image of a Camp from Rudall & Rose flute yet.


We don't know a lot about Imlay.  The New Langwill Index tells us he flourished in London in the mid 19th century, as the 'erstwhile partner to Card' as "Card & Imlay". 

This mark appears to say:

E. Imlay
Rudall & Rose

with what looks like exceptionally careless over-stamping of the
leading E.


Other marks reported for Imlay include IMLAY / FECIT / LONDON and IMLAY / LONDON.

Thanks to Jonathon Walpole for bringing this image to my attention.


The New Langwill Index lists two Ingrams who are presumably closely related, being at the same address, 19 Plumtree St, Bloomsbury:

  • 1836: John Ingram, Flute and Flageolet maker, 
  • 1840: Thomas William Ingram, Flute Maker

so it's not immediately obvious which is our man.  Interestingly the NLI also gives him at another address in association with Morland between those two years:

  • 1838: Ingram & Morland, Flute and Flageolet maker, 25 Villiers St.  

That address is interesting as it was occupied until then by John Dunkin Goodlad, previously associated with Willis.  Also listed at the same address from the same time is Wylde, who you will note is listed below as another escapee from Rudall and Rose. 

Perhaps John Ingram was the ex-Rudall man, who then went into partnership with Morland and an arrangement with his old work-friend Wylde to buy up the facilities previously used by Goodlad, leaving a son or brother Tom to battle on in Bloomsbury?

The NLI doesn't give an "Ingram from Rudall & Rose", but it's clear that the flute pictured below is by one of the Ingrams listed, as it is marked with the Plumtree St address.   You'll see just how similar to a Rudall & Rose flute from the period it is.

Ingram From Rudall & Rose, cocus and silver, owned Peter Woodley, Canberra

Thanks to Peter Woodley, Canberra flute player for the opportunity to present this image.


The NLI identifies Richard (Ronald) and George Payne listed as flutemakers between 1835 and 1841, so it's not clear which of them (or both?) was "From Rudall & Rose".  The address is the same as below, No. 13 Little Newport St. 

There is also a listing for G.C. Payne but dated only as "?early 19c".

Thanks to Ebay seller "demisemiquaver" for putting together this excellent montage, and to Jonathon Walpole for bringing it to my attention.


'H. Whitaker from Rudall & Rose', at this stage all we know is his address, 58 Arthur St, Battersea Park Rd.


A left-handed 7-key flute from Wylde from Rudall & Rose:


Interestingly, this address in 1838 is the same given for Ingram & Morland.  Ingram (above) is another ex Rudall & Rose employee.

You can see more and larger images of this flute at:

We'll bring you images of flutes by more of Rudall's ex-workers as they come to hand.


Thanks to all those who have helped bring images and information about these flutes to our attention.


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